VISIBLE SUSTAINABLE CITIES
STORYTELLING & Information Design
THE NEW URBAN AGENDA, HABITAT 3, UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE
SRISHTI INSTITUTE OF ART, DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY, BANGALORE, INDIA
As part of the Sustainable Development Goals which was formalised and adopted by countries in the United Nations conference on 25 September, 2015, UN’s role is to ensure that by end of 2030, all the countries will be able to implement and reach the SDG’s. The project aims at targeting Goal 11, in the context of Bangalore, India– to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.The project involves visualising a desirable sustainable city in comparison to the current scenario to create awareness among the stakeholders. The awareness is a part of the UN conference, The New Urban agenda held in Quito, Ecuador on October 2016.
With growing urbanisation– in the dreams of seeking better opportunities and for a better living, people migrate to the city from the villages chasing their dreams of a better life. However, with growing urbanisation, they get exploited for cheap labor leading to poverty. Due to their nomadic lifestyles and constant travelling, the children among these communities lack access to schools. As the need to be able to survive in the city, most parents’ send their children for work. These children work as daily wage labourers, platform sellers, vegetables and fruits, clothes, as factory workers and hotel cleaners.
Photographs from the slums of Bangalore city
THE COMMUNICATION TOOL FOR AWARENESS
A calendar in the concept of a timeline to represent the journey of seasonal migrant workers in India. The idea through the timeline of events– to portray the current situation of Migrant children in India. Through the end of the calendar, one can find themselves looking at the desired state if this problem were to be solved. The desired state illustrates some interventions for the education of Migrant poor children in India that are currently slowly taking action.
RESEARCH– Why does the problem exist?
The Wicked Problems
Through primary research and secondary research, I found that due to constant migration for a better living and income, most of the children do not have access to a school or education facilities. Mentioned below are the factors that contribute to the reasons for lack education facilities for migrant children.
• Lack of awareness among the parents among the seasonal migrants
• Parental pressure for daily wage work (child labor)
• Language Barriers
• Registration problems at schools as they leave the certificates behind (lack of documentation)
• Constant travelling and nomadic lifestyles leading to missing school schedules
• Lack of interest and developing vices such as drinking, smoking and playing cards
• Health issues
• Gender discrimination
Usually, Education provision occurs in three phases– ACCESS, RETENTION AND QUALITY.
This project aims at primarily providing access to Education while looking at large Theory of Change of moving away from Poverty and to a better quality of life.
It is due low-income generation in the rural areas, these migrant labourers move to the city to earn a better living. Due to this, they constantly travel between the city and their homes. Hence, the children get affected as they miss out on school schedules. The lack of awareness is Poverty due to which the parents are not aware of the need for an access to education or they send the children for work for more income generation. Poverty further becomes a vicious circle due to lack of education.
Employers of seasonal migrant workers are one of the important stakeholders in the system. During the process, even though employers provide jobs, due to the short nature of the workers' stay, most people forget about the education of the seasonal migrant children. This project is tool for awareness for employers through advocacy and non-profit organisations, to help highlight the story of seasonal migrant children in India, while also portraying the various interventions for education of seasonal migrant children in India.
These employers primarily come from the middle and upper class societies.
The initial concept storytelling focused on getting access to school and going to school– with the lens of the child's story, by comparing and contrasting the story of a seasonal migrant child and a child going to school. Through testing, found that the story depicted highlighted only the sad story instead of highlighting potential possibilities for the target audience to take action.
Keeping the seasonal migration cycle, the final concept was made.
Photographs: Hrudaya Veena Yanamandala + Source (Google)
The Seasonal Migrant Timeline Calendar
THE FINAL ILLUSTRATIONS FOR THE CALENDAR
Research, Insight generation, conceptualisation, visualisation, prototyping, printing
Insight generation, critical thinking, sense making, design methodology